Columbia, SC Profile: Facts & Data


Columbia Local Links & Resources:
Hotels | Resources | ALL Columbia Content

Also See: Columbia, SC ZIP Codes & ZIP Code Maps | Local Area Photos

Columbia, South Carolina - Basic Facts

The City of Columbia is the 2nd largest city in South Carolina with a population of 137,578 as of July 1, 2018. Columbia ranks in the upper quartile for Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in South Carolina. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Columbia is located at latitude 34.0298 and longitude -80.8966 in Richland County. The formal boundaries for the City of Columbia (see map below) encompass a land area of 133.06 sq. miles and a water area of 2.72 sq. miles. Richland County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 302 feet.

While the primary coordinates for City of Columbia are located in Richland County, it should be noted that the formal boundaries for this community also extend into and Lexington County.

The City of Columbia (GNIS ID: 2404107) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

South Carolina is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Columbia is located within Fort Jackson Division of Richland County.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Columbia 2018 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Columbia (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. South Carolina Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. South Carolina Data Comparison Tool - 2018 Demographics

Research a South Carolina Address and get...

Boundary Maps, Demographic Data, School Zones Review maps and data for the neighborhood, city, county, ZIP Code, and school zone. July 1, 2018, data includes home values, household income, percentage of homes owned, rented or vacant, etc.


Columbia, SC Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2018)


Total Population 137,578
Population in Households 108,438
Population in Familes 71,704
Population in Group Qrtrs 29,140
Population Density2 1,034
Diversity Index3 61


Median Household Income $44,040
Average Household Income $70,386
Per Capita Income $27,961


Total Housing Units 57,275 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 21,675 (37.8%)
Renter Occupied HU 28,127 (49.1%)
Vacant Housing Units 7,473 (13.0%)
Median Home Value $176,379
Average Home Value $243,061


Total Households 49,802
Average Household Size 2.18
Family Households 23,832
Average Family Size 3
  1. Demographics are point estimates for July 1st of the current year and each for the forecast years. See References for more information.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2018 2018-2023
Population 0.7% 0.78%
Households 0.99% 1.02%
Families 0.55% 0.67%
Median Household Income   2.74%
Per Capita Income   2.25%

Columbia, SC - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Columbia to the other 396 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in South Carolina by rank and percentile using July 1, 2018 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 2 100th
Population Density # 123 69th
Diversity Index # 45 89th
Median Household Income # 153 62nd
Per Capita Income # 77 81st

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE South Carolina Census Data Comparison Tool.

Quick & Easy Ways to...

  1. Get Current Demographic Data for Cities, Towns, and ZIP Codes
  2. View Boundary Maps, for Cities, Towns, and ZIP Codes
  3. Locate Physical, Cultural, and Historical Features
  4. Research Public Schools & Attendance Zones

South Carolina Census Data Comparison Tool

Compare South Carolina July 1, 2018 Data
Highest or Lowest: