Columbia, SC Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Columbia, South Carolina - Basic Facts

The City of Columbia is the 2nd largest city in South Carolina with a population of 136,866 as of July 1, 2017. Columbia ranks in the upper quartile for Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in South Carolina. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Columbia is located at latitude 34.0298 and longitude -80.8966 in Richland County. The formal boundaries for the City of Columbia (see map below) encompass a land area of 133.06 sq. miles and a water area of 2.72 sq. miles. Richland County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 302 feet.

While the primary coordinates for City of Columbia are located in Richland County, it should be noted that the formal boundaries for this community also extend into and Lexington County.

The City of Columbia (GNIS ID: 2404107) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

South Carolina is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Columbia is located within Fort Jackson Division of Richland County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Columbia population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

EXTREMELY LOCAL Demographic Data

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City of Columbia, SC Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Fort Jackson Division | Richland County | South Carolina Counties

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Columbia, SC Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 136,866
Daytime Population: Workers 158,609
Daytime Population: Residents 62,580
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 221,189
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 1.62
Population in Households 107,932
Population in Familes 70,999
Population in Group Qrtrs 28,934
Population Density2 1,029
Diversity Index3 61


Median Household Income $42,312
Average Household Income $67,493
Per Capita Income $26,870


Total Housing Units 56,555 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 22,493 (39.8%)
Renter Occupied HU 27,015 (47.8%)
Vacant Housing Units 7,047 (12.5%)
Median Home Value $172,874
Average Home Value $240,828


Total Households 49,508
Average Household Size 2.18
Family Households 23,888
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population 0.72% 0.85%
Households 1.04% 1.08%
Families 0.65% 0.79%
Median Household Income   3.37%
Per Capita Income   2.52%

Columbia, SC - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Columbia to the other 396 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in South Carolina by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 2 100th
Population Density # 122 69th
Diversity Index # 46 89th
Median Household Income # 162 59th
Per Capita Income # 71 82nd

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE South Carolina Census Data Comparison Tool.

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