Columbia, SC Profile: Facts & Data

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Columbia, South Carolina - Basic Facts

The City of Columbia is the 2nd largest city in South Carolina with a population of 140,541 as of July 1, 2019. Columbia ranks in the upper quartile for Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in South Carolina. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Columbia is located at latitude 34.0007 and longitude -81.0348 in Richland County. The formal boundaries for the City of Columbia encompass a land area of 133.06 sq. miles and a water area of 2.72 sq. miles. Richland County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 302 feet.

While the primary coordinates for City of Columbia are located in Richland County, it should be noted that the formal boundaries for this community also extend into and Lexington County.

The City of Columbia (GNIS ID: 2404107) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

South Carolina is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Columbia is located within Columbia Division of Richland County.


Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Columbia 2019 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Columbia (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. South Carolina Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. South Carolina Data Comparison Tool - 2019 Demographics

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Boundary Maps, Demographic Data, School Zones Review maps and data for the neighborhood, city, county, ZIP Code, and school zone. July 1, 2019, data includes home values, household income, percentage of homes owned, rented or vacant, etc.


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Columbia, SC Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2019)

HOUSING AFFORDABILITY INDEX

Columbia, SC Housing Affordability Index is 112
State of South Carolina Housing Affordability Index is 149
The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.

WEALTH INDEX

Columbia, SC Wealth Index is 74
State of South Carolina Wealth Index is 81
The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.

These new demographic attributes are availiable for cities, Counties, ZIP Codes and even neighborhoods (Census Blocks) when you search by a specific South Carolina address.

See our:

  1. New 2-Minute Introduction and Concise Guide to Big Data which will help you make the most effective use of HomeTownLocator Tools.
  2. References & Data Sources page for more information about methodology and sources of data.

POPULATION

Total Population 140,541
Population in Households 111,445
Population in Familes 72,553
Population in Group Qrtrs 29,096
Population Density 1,033
Diversity Index1 61
 

INCOME

Median Household Income $41,385
Average Household Income $70,723
Per Capita Income $27,318
Wealth Index3 74

HOUSING

Total Housing Units 58,173 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 22,058 (37.9%)
Renter Occupied HU 28,627 (49.2%)
Vacant Housing Units 7,488 (12.9%)
Median Home Value $194,849
Housing Affordability Index2 112
 

HOUSEHOLDS

Total Households 50,685
Average Household Size 2.2
Family Households 24,149
Average Family Size 3
NOTES
  1. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  2. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  3. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.

GROWTH RATE / YEAR

2010-2019 2019-2024
Population 0.68% 0.81%
Households 0.86% 0.99%
Families 0.49% 0.71%
Median Household Income   3.89%
Per Capita Income   2.79%

Columbia, SC - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Columbia to the other 397 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in South Carolina by rank and percentile using July 1, 2019 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 2 100th
Population Density # 127 68th
Diversity Index # 47 88th
Median Household Income # 190 52nd
Per Capita Income # 88 78th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE South Carolina Census Data Comparison Tool.

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South Carolina Census Data Comparison Tool

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