Columbia, SC Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Columbia, South Carolina - Basic Facts

The City of Columbia is the largest city in South Carolina with a population of 133,716 as of July 1, 2015. Columbia ranks in the upper quartile for Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in South Carolina. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Columbia is located at latitude 34.0298 and longitude -80.8966 in Richland County. The formal boundaries for the City of Columbia (see map below) encompass a land area of 133.06 sq. miles and a water area of 2.72 sq. miles. Richland County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 302 feet.

While the primary coordinates for City of Columbia are located in Richland County, it should be noted that the formal boundaries for this community also extend into and Lexington County.

The City of Columbia (GNIS ID: 2404107) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Columbia population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2015.

City of Columbia, SC Boundary Map


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Boundary Maps: Fort Jackson Division | Richland County | South Carolina Counties

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Columbia, SC Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2015)


Total Population 133,716
Population in Households 103,982
Population in Familes 68,480
Population in Group Qrtrs 29,734
Population Density1 1,011
Diversity Index2 60


Total Households 47,905
Average Household Size 2.17
Family Households 23,294
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 55,331 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 20,784 (37.6%)
Renter Occupied HU 27,121 (49.0%)
Vacant Housing Units 7,426 (13.4%)
Median Home Value $190,031
Average Home Value $272,189


Median Household Income $37,895
Average Household Income $61,009
Per Capita Income $23,997
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2015 2015-2020
Population 0.65% 0.86%
Households 0.92% 1.11%
Families 0.55% 0.85%
Median Household Income   2.89%
Per Capita Income   2.4%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

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Columbia, SC - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Columbia to the other 395 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in South Carolina by rank and percentile using July 1, 2015 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 1 100th
Population Density1 # 121 70th
Diversity Index2 # 44 89th
Median Household Income # 176 56th
Per Capita Income # 80 80th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE South Carolina Census Data Comparison Tool.