Columbia, South Carolina - Basic Facts

Columbia is the common name for the community and surrounding area while the formal official name is the City of Columbia.

It is an incorporated place (Class Code P1) located in Richland County at latitude 34.0007 and longitude -81.0348. Richland County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 302 feet.

Camera Icon Photos of the local Columbia, SC area

Also See: Columbia, SC ZIP Codes and ZIP Code Maps

Columbia, SC Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2014)


Total Population 132,331
Population in Households 102,591
Population in Familes 67,496
Population in Group Qrtrs 29,740
Population Density1 1,001
Diversity Index2 60


Total Households 47,341
Average Household Size 2.17
Family Households 22,968
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 54,759 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 20,879 (38.1%)
Renter Occupied HU 26,461 (48.3%)
Vacant Housing Units 7,418 (13.5%)
Median Home Value $188,669
Average Home Value $268,406


Median Household Income $35,813
Average Household Income $57,417
Per Capita Income $22,713
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


Population 0.55% 0.81%
Households 0.85% 1.07%
Families 0.34% 0.73%
Median Household Income   2.8%
Per Capita Income   2.74%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

Columbia, SC - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Columbia to the other 395 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in South Carolina by rank and percentile using July 1, 2014 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable DescriptionRankPercentile
Total Population # 1 100th
Population Density1 # 123 69th
Diversity Index2 # 50 88th
Median Household Income # 206 48th
Per Capita Income # 91 77th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE South Carolina Census Data Comparison Tool.