Charleston, SC Profile: Facts, Map & Data

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Charleston, South Carolina - Basic Facts

The City of Charleston is an incorporated place (Class Code P1) located in Charleston County at latitude 32.8179 and longitude -79.959. Charleston County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 10 feet.

The formal official name is the City of Charleston, but most people and references simply refer to it as Charleston, South Carolina.

The P1 Census Class Code for Charleston indicates a populated place that is also an incorporated place with the same name and the same census code. The Incorporated Place has a Functional Status Code "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Charleston: Charles Town, Charles Towne, Charlestowne, Charlstoun, Charlstown.

City of Charleston, SC Boundary Map

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Charleston, SC Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2014)


Total Population 127,298
Population in Households 121,621
Population in Familes 82,153
Population in Group Qrtrs 5,677
Population Density1 1,168
Diversity Index2 48


Total Households 56,208
Average Household Size 2.16
Family Households 29,186
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 63,862 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 29,277 (45.8%)
Renter Occupied HU 26,931 (42.2%)
Vacant Housing Units 7,654 (12.0%)
Median Home Value $262,474
Average Home Value $354,368


Median Household Income $48,347
Average Household Income $68,711
Per Capita Income $30,233
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2014 2014-2019
Population 1.38% 1.72%
Households 1.69% 1.89%
Families 1.94% 1.67%
Median Household Income   2.36%
Per Capita Income   2.51%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

Charleston, SC - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Charleston to the other 395 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in South Carolina by rank and percentile using July 1, 2014 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 2 100th
Population Density1 # 93 77th
Diversity Index2 # 226 43rd
Median Household Income # 65 84th
Per Capita Income # 28 93rd

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE South Carolina Census Data Comparison Tool.