Aiken, SC Profile: Facts, Map & Data

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Aiken, South Carolina - Basic Facts

The City of Aiken is an incorporated place (Class Code P1) located in Aiken County at latitude 33.5307 and longitude -81.7274. Aiken County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 515 feet.

The formal official name is the City of Aiken, but most people and references simply refer to it as Aiken, South Carolina.

The P1 Census Class Code for Aiken indicates a populated place that is also an incorporated place with the same name and the same census code. The Incorporated Place has a Functional Status Code "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The formal boundaries for the City of Aiken (see map below) encompass a land area of 20.8 sq. miles and a water area of 0.14 sq. miles.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Aiken: Plunkett.

City of Aiken, SC Boundary Map

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Aiken, SC Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2014)


Total Population 30,598
Population in Households 29,512
Population in Familes 23,241
Population in Group Qrtrs 1,086
Population Density1 1,478
Diversity Index2 50


Total Households 13,426
Average Household Size 2.2
Family Households 8,448
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 14,665 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 8,779 (59.9%)
Renter Occupied HU 4,647 (31.7%)
Vacant Housing Units 1,239 ( 8.4%)
Median Home Value $193,145
Average Home Value $240,715


Median Household Income $50,972
Average Household Income $75,090
Per Capita Income $32,853
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2014 2014-2019
Population 0.84% 0.71%
Households 1.18% 0.86%
Families 1.42% 0.74%
Median Household Income   3.06%
Per Capita Income   2.93%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

Aiken, SC - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Aiken to the other 395 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in South Carolina by rank and percentile using July 1, 2014 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 13 97th
Population Density1 # 55 86th
Diversity Index2 # 203 49th
Median Household Income # 48 88th
Per Capita Income # 20 95th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE South Carolina Census Data Comparison Tool.